Anzahl der Haiarten, ihre Größen...

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Dr. Robert Hofrichter
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Anzahl der Haiarten, ihre Größen...

Beitrag von Dr. Robert Hofrichter » 01 Mär 2007 08:11

Liebe Susanne

könntest du versuchen die Liste der Haiarten zu führen, also die Verantwortung dafür zu übernehmen, so dass alle diesbezüglichen Fäden bei Dir zusammenlaufen. Man muss sich überlegen, was für ein File am meisten Sinn macht, ob Word als Tabelle oder Excell oder etwas anderes.

:arrow: Es geht darum eine wirklich seriöse Liste der Arten zu führen (wo man zu einzelnen zweifelhaften Arten Notizen machen kann) und zweitens

:arrow: auch Angaben zur Größe und Gewicht in diese Übersicht aufzunehmen. Am Ende brauchen wir die Möglichkeit statistische Angaben über die Größen von haien machen zu können, wie etwa: Nur 9 Prozent der Haie werden größer als 3 m und XX Prozent der Haie sind kleiner als 1 m... etc.

Hinten sind zwei Listen, die relativ gut sein dürften, aber auch recht progressiv sein dürften, vor allem die erste. Fällt Euch auf, was mit dem Longimanus passiert? Er ist nicht mehr in der Gattung, in der wir ihn kennen. Dem müsste man nachgehen wie auch weiteren taxonomisch-systematischen Fragen. (Revised 17 April 2003 ... in 4 Jahren hat sich schon sicher wieder etwas getan...)

Liebe Susanne, schreibe uns bitte, ob du dich gern mit Systematik beschäftigst...

Danke! und liebe Grüße Robert



Checklist of Living Sharks
(Revised 17 April 2003)
I am frequently asked to provide shark enthusiasts an up-to-date list of known shark species. Such requests typically come from people who are convinced that there must be an internationally agreed-upon list of all known species by their correct scientific names, arranged in standard taxonomic groups, such as genus, family, and order. Regrettably, no such list exists and, with the best of current data, it is not possible to construct such a list with any certainty.
New phylogenetic approaches and tools - including, in particular, molecular genetics - are revolutionizing shark classification. But it is far from clear what these new data mean and how to rectify them with data from more traditional phylogenetic approaches, such as hard and soft tissue morphology. New evidence germane to shark classification pours in almost daily from paleontology, embryology, comparative physiology, zoogeography, and other scientific disciplines. But, rather than clarifying shark interrelationships, these data often make matters even more ambiguous.
What follows is my best attempt to classify all known extant shark species, both formally described and as-yet undescribed, in a way that seems to reflect their probable evolutionary relatedness. Although much of this list agrees well with recently published lists (see, for example, "Checklist of Living Elasmobranchs" by Leonard J.V. Compagno, pp 471-498 in William C. Hamlett [ed.], Sharks, Skates ,and Rays: the Biology of Elasmobranch Fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 1999), it does differ in several important respects. This is very much a work in progress.
I am reasonably confident about the arrangement within the Squalea and most of the Galea, except for parts of the order Carcharhiniformes. A few of the more problematical areas are:
1. the large deep-sea genus Apristurus (family Scyliorhinidae) is in dire need of systematic revision (there may be as many as 48 valid species or as few as 25),
2. placement of Scoliodon remains uncertain (it is clearly allied with Rhizoprionodon and the hammerheads, family Sphyrnidae, but exactly how this poorly-known shark is related is difficult to determine),
3. placement of Isogomphodon and Triaenodon are difficult because each of these monotypic genera feature a very odd combination of characters, and
4. the family Carcharhinidae (as listed here) is perhaps the most complex and contentious group, especially those traditionally lumped within the genus Carcharhinus. If Prionace and Negaprion are valid genera, Carcharhinus is clearly polyphyletic. But how that genus should be sub-divided remains an open question which I am presently investigating with a colleague, geneticist Mahmood Shivji, of Nova Southeastern University.
I am by inclination a "lumper", preferring to classify creatures into the smallest number of groups that adequately reflects their evolutionary diversity. Despite this inclination, in many cases here it seemed best to provisionally split difficult or contentious taxa from more clearly defined groups. I hope that, eventually, these artificially separated groups can be re-inserted in their proper phylogenetic position and the total number of shark taxa can be significantly reduced. Until then, it is best to regard this list as highly provisional. If you want a more conservative list and don't mind one that's a little out-of-date, I would recommend the aforementioned checklist by Compagno.
Superorder Galea
Order Heterodontiformes - Bullhead Sharks
Family Heterodontidae - Bullhead Sharks
Genus Heterodontus
Heterodontus francisci HORN SHARK
Heterodontus galeatus CRESTED BULLHEAD SHARK
Heterodontus japonicus JAPANESE BULLHEAD SHARK
Heterodontus mexicanus MEXICAN HORNSHARK
Heterodontus portusjacksoni PORT JACKSON SHARK
Heterodontus quoyi GALAPAGOS BULLHEAD SHARK
Heterodontus ramalheira WHITESPOTTED BULLHEAD SHARK
Heterodontus zebra ZEBRA BULLHEAD SHARK
Heterodontus sp1. OMAN BULLHEAD SHARK
Heterodontus sp2 CORTEZ HORNSHARK
Order Orectolobiformes - Carpet Sharks
Family Parascylliidae - Collared Carpetsharks
Genus Cirroscyllium
Cirroscyllium expolitum BARBELTHROAT CARPETSHARK
Cirroscyllium formosum TAIWAN SADDLED CARPETSHARK
Cirroscyllium japonicum SADDLED CARPETSHARK
Genus Parascyllium
Parascyllium collare COLLARED CARPETSHARK
Parascyllium ferrigineum RUSTY CARPETSHARK
Parascyllium sparsimaculatum GINGER CARPETSHARK
Parascyllium variolatum NECKLACE CARPETSHARK
Family Brachaeluridae - Blind Sharks
Genus Brachaelurus
Brachaelurus colcloughi BLUE-GREY CARPETSHARK
Brachaelurus waddi BLIND CARPETSHARK
Family Orectolobidae - Wobbegongs
Genus Eucrossorhinus
Eucrossorhinus dasypogon TASSELED WOBBEGONG
Genus Orectolobus
Orectolobus japonicus JAPANESE WOBBEGONG
Orectolobus maculatus SPOTTED WOBBEGONG
Orectolobus ornatus ORNATE WOBBEGONG
Orectolobus wardi NORTHERN WOBBEGONG
Orectolobus sp. A WESTERN WOBBEGONG
Genus Sutorectus
Sutorectus tentaculatus COBBLER WOBBEGONG
Family Hemiscylliidae - Bamboo Sharks
Genus Chiloscyllium
Chiloscyllium arabicum ARABIAN BAMBOOSHARK
Chiloscyllium burmensis BURMESE BAMBOOSHARK
Chiloscyllium dolganovi VIETNAMESE BAMBOOSHARK
Chiloscyllium griseum GREY BAMBOOSHARK
Chiloscyllium hasselti INDONESIAN BAMBOOSHARK
Chiloscyllium indicum SLENDER BAMBOOSHARK
Chiloscyllium plagiosum WHITESPOTTED BAMBOOSHARK
Chiloscyllium punctatum BROWNBANDED BAMBOOSHARK
Genus Hemiscyllium
Hemiscyllium freycineti INDONESIAN SPECKLED CARPETSHARK
Hemiscyllium hallstromi PAPUAN EPAULETTE SHARK
Hemiscyllium ocellatum EPAULETTE SHARK
Hemiscyllium strahani HOODED CARPETSHARK
Hemiscyllium trispeculare SPECKLED CARPETSHARK
Family Pseudoginglymostomatidae - False Nurse Shark
Genus Pseudoginglymostoma
Pseudoginglymostoma brevicaudatum FALSE NURSE SHARK
Family Stegostomatidae: Zebra Shark
Genus Stegostoma
Stegostoma varium ZEBRA SHARK
Family Rhincodontidae: Whale Shark
Genus Rhincodon
Rhincodon typus WHALE SHARK
Family Ginglymostomatidae - Nurse Sharks
Genus Ginglymostoma
Ginglymostoma cirratum NURSE SHARK
Genus Nebrius
Nebrius ferrugineus TAWNY SHARK
Order Lamniformes - Mackerel Sharks
Family Mitsukurinidae - Goblin Shark
Genus Mitsukurina
Mitsukurina owstoni GOBLIN SHARK
Family Carchariidae - Sandtiger Shark
Genus Carcharias
Carcharias taurus SANDTIGER SHARK
Family Odontaspididae - Ragged-Tooth Sharks
Genus Odontaspis
Odontaspis ferox RAGGED-TOOTH SHARK
Odontaspis noronhai BIGEYE RAGGED-TOOTH SHARK
Family Alopiidae - Thresher Sharks
Genus Alopias
Alopias pelagicus PELAGIC THRESHER
Alopias superciliosus BIGEYE THRESHER
Alopias vulpinus COMMON THRESHER
Alopias sp. (no common name)
Family Megachasmidae - Megamouth Shark
Genus Megachasma
Megachasma pelagios MEGAMOUTH SHARK
Family Pseudocarchariidae - Crocodile Shark
Genus Pseudocarcharias
Pseudocarcharias kamoharai CROCODILE SHARK
Family Cetorhinidae - Basking Shark
Genus Cetorhinus
Cetorhinus maximus BASKING SHARK
Family Lamnidae - Mackerel Sharks
Genus Lamna
Lamna ditropis SALMON SHARK
Lamna nasus PORBEAGLE
Genus Carcharodon
Carcharodon carcharias WHITE SHARK
Genus Isurus
Isurus oxyrinchus SHORTFIN MAKO
Isurus paucus LONGFIN MAKO
Order Carcharhiniformes - Ground Sharks
Family Scyliorhinidae - Cat Sharks
Genus Schroederichthys
Schroederichthys bivius NARROW-MOUTHED CATSHARK
Schroederichthys chilensis RED-SPOTTED CATSHARK
Schroederichthys maculatus NARROWTAIL CATSHARK
Schroederichthys saurisqualus LIZARD CATSHARK
Schroederichthys tenuis SLENDER CATSHARK
Genus Atelomycterus
Atelomycterus fasciatus BANDED CATSHARK
Atelomycterus maclayi AUSTRALIAN MARBLED CATSHARK
Atelomycterus marmoratus CORAL CATSHARK
Atelomycterus sp. A WHITE-SPOTTED SAND CATSHARK
Genus Aulohalaelurus
Aulohalaelurus kanakorum NEW CALEDONIA CATSHARK
Aulohalaelurus labiosus AUSTRALIAN BLACK-SPOTTED CATSHARK
Genus Cephaloscyllium
Cephaloscyllium fasciatum RETICULATED SWELLSHARK
Cephaloscyllium isabellum DRAUGHTSBOARD SHARK
Cephaloscyllium laticeps AUSTRALIAN SWELLSHARK
Cephaloscyllium silasi INDIAN SWELLSHARK
Cephaloscyllium sufflans BALLOON SHARK
Cephaloscyllium umbratile JAPANESE SWELLSHARK
Cephaloscyllium ventriosum SWELLSHARK
Cephaloscyllium sp. A WHITEFIN SWELLSHARK
Cephaloscyllium sp. B SADDLED SWELLSHARK
Cephaloscyllium sp. C NORTHERN DRAUGHTSBOARD SHARK
Cephaloscyllium sp. D NARROWBAR SWELLSHARK
Cephaloscyllium sp. E SPECKLED SWELLSHARK
Cephaloscyllium sp. NEW GUINEA SWELLSHARK
Cephaloscyllium sp. DWARF ORIENTAL SWELLSHARK
Cephaloscyllium sp. DWARF BALLOON SHARK
Cephaloscyllium sp. NEW CALEDONIA SWELLSHARK
Genus Poroderma
Poroderma africanum PYJAMA CATSHARK
Poroderma pantherinum LEOPARD CATSHARK
Genus Scyliorhinus
Scyliorhinus boa BOA CATSHARK
Scyliorhinus besnardi POLKA-DOT CATSHARK
Scyliorhinus canicula LESSER SPOTTED DOGFISH
Scyliorhinus capensis YELLOWSPOTTED CATSHARK
Scyliorhinus cervigoni WEST AFRICAN CATSHARK
Scyliorhinus comoroensis COMORO CATSHARK
Scyliorhinus garmani BROWN-SPOTTED CATSHARK
Scyliorhinus haeckelii FRECKLED CATSHARK
Scyliorhinus hesperius WHITE-SADDLED CATSHARK
Scyliorhinus meadi BLOTCHED CATSHARK
Scyliorhinus retifer CHAIN DOGFISH
Scyliorhinus stellaris GREATER SPOTTED DOGFISH
Scyliorhinus tokubee IZU CATSHARK
Scyliorhinus torazame CLOUDY CATSHARK
Scyliorhinus torrei DWARF CATSHARK
Genus Halaelurus
Halaelurus alcocki ARABIAN CATSHARK
Halaelurus boesemani SPECKLED CATSHARK
Halaelurus buergeri BLACK-SPOTTED CATSHARK
Halaelurus canescens DUSKY CATSHARK
Halaelurus clevai BROADHEAD CATSHARK
Halaelurus dawsoni NEW ZEALAND CATSHARK
Halaelurus hispidus BRISTLY CATSHARK
Halaelurus immaculatus SPOTLESS CATSHARK
Halaelurus lineatus LINED CATSHARK
Halaelurus lutarius MUD CATSHARK
Halaelurus natalensis TIGER CATSHARK
Halaelurus quagga QUAGGA CATSHARK
Halaelurus sp. A AUSTRALIAN DUSKY CATSHARK
Genus Haploblepharus
Haploblepharus edwardsii PUFFADDER SHYSHARK
Haploblepharus fuscus BROWN SHYSHARK
Haploblepharus pictus DARK SHYSHARK
Haploblepharus sp. NATAL SHYSHARK
Genus Holohalaelurus
Holohalaelurus punctatus SOUTH AFRICAN SPOTTED CATSHARK
Holohalaelurus regani IZAK CATSHARK
Holohalaelurus sp. 1 EAST AFRICAN SPOTTED CATSHARK
Holohalaelurus sp. 2 TROPICAL IZAK CATSHARK
Genus Asymbolus
Asymbolus analis GREY SPOTTED CATSHARK
Asymbolus funebris BLOTCHED CATSHARK
Asymbolus occiduus WESTERN SPOTTED CATSHARK
Asymbolus pallidus PALE-SPOTTED CATSHARK
Asymbolus parvus DWARF CATSHARK
Asymbolus rubiginosus ORANGE-SPOTTED CATSHARK
Asymbolus submaculatus VARIEGATED CATSHARK
Asymbolus vincenti GULF CATSHARK
Asymbolus sp. NEW CALEDONIA SPOTTED CATSHARK
Genus Cephalurus
Cephalurus cephalus LOLLIPOP CATSHARK
Genus Galeus
Galeus arae ROUGHTAIL CATSHARK
Galeus atlanticus ATLANTIC SAWTAIL CATSHARK
Galeus boardmani AUSTRALIAN SAWTAIL CATSHARK
Galeus cadenati LONGFIN SAWTAIL CATSHARK
Galeus eastmani GECKO CATSHARK
Galeus gracilis SLENDER SAWTAIL CATSHARK
Galeus longirostris LONGNOSE SAWTAIL CATSHARK
Galeus melastomus BLACK-MOUTHED DOGFISH
Galeus mincaronei SOUTHERN SAWTAIL CATSHARK
Galeus murinus MOUSE CATSHARK
Galeus nipponensis BROADFIN SAWTAIL CATSHARK
Galeus piperatus PEPPERED SAWTAIL CATSHARK
Galeus polli AFRICAN SAWTAIL CATSHARK
Galeus sauteri BLACKTIP SAWTAIL CATSHARK
Galeus schultzi DWARF SAWTAIL CATSHARK
Galeus springeri SPRINGER’S SAWTAIL CATSHARK
Galeus sp. B NORTHERN SAWTAIL CATSHARK
Genus Parmaturus
Parmaturus campechiensis CAMPECHE CATSHARK
Parmaturus macmillani NEW ZEALAND FILETAIL CATSHARK
Parmaturus melanobranchius BLACKGILL CATSHARK
Parmaturus pilosus SALAMANDER SHARK
Parmaturus xaniurus FILETAIL CATSHARK
Parmaturus sp. A SHORT-TAIL CATSHARK
Genus Apristurus
Apristurus acanutus (no common name)
Apristurus albisoma (no common name)
Apristurus aphyodes WHITE GHOST CATSHARK
Apristurus atlanticus ATLANTIC GHOST CATSHARK
Apristurus brunneus BROWN CATSHARK
Apristurus canutus HOARY CATSHARK
Apristurus exsanguis BLOODLESS CATSHARK
Apristurus federovi HONSHU CATSHARK
Apristurus gibbosus HUMPBACK CATSHARK
Apristurus herklotsi LONGFIN CATSHARK
Apristurus indicus SMALLBELLY CATSHARK
Apristurus investigatoris BROADNOSE CATSHARK
Apristurus japonicus JAPANESE CATSHARK
Apristurus kampae LONGNOSE CATSHARK
Apristurus laurussoni ICELAND CATSHARK
Apristurus longicephalus LONGHEAD CATSHARK
Apristurus macrorhynchus FLATHEAD CATSHARK
Apristurus macrostomus BROADMOUTH CATSHARK
Apristurus manis GHOST CATSHARK
Apristurus microps SMALLEYE CATSHARK
Apristurus micropterygius SMALLDORSAL CATSHARK
Apristurus nasutus LARGENOSE CATSHARK
Apristurus parvipinnis SMALLFIN CATSHARK
Apristurus pinguis FAT CATSHARK
Apristurus platyrhynchus SPATULA-SNOUT CATSHARK
Apristurus profundorum DEEPWATER CATSHARK
Apristurus riveri BROADGILL CATSHARK
Apristurus saldanha SALDANHA CATSHARK
Apristurus sibogae PALE CATSHARK
Apristurus sinensis SOUTH CHINA CATSHARK
Apristurus spongiceps SPONGEHEAD CATSHARK
Apristurus stenseni PANAMA GHOST CATSHARK
Apristurus verweyi BORNEO CATSHARK
Apristurus sp. A FRECKLED CATSHARK
Apristurus sp. B BIGFIN CATSHARK
Apristurus sp. C FLESHYNOSE CATSHARK
Apristurus sp. D ROUGHSKIN CATSHARK
Apristurus sp. E BULLDOG CATSHARK
Apristurus sp. F BIGHEAD CATSHARK
Apristurus sp. G PINOCCHIO CATSHARK
Apristurus sp. WHITE-EDGED CATSHARK
Apristurus sp. BLACK WONDER CATSHARK
Apristurus sp. (no common name)
Apristurus sp. (no common name)
Apristurus sp. (no common name)
[NOTE: There are 6 undescribed Apristurus from New Zealand, at least 3 of which also occur in Australia. With the information available at this writing, it is not possible to determine how many of these are valid.]
Genus Pentanchus
Pentanchus profundicolus ONEFIN CATSHARK
Family Proscylliidae - Finback Cat Sharks
Genus Ctenacis
Ctenacis fehlmanni HARLEQUIN CATSHARK
Genus Eridacnis
Eridacnis barbouri CUBAN RIBBONTAIL CATSHARK
Eridacnis radcliffei PYGMY RIBBONTAIL CATSHARK
Eridacnis sinuans AFRICAN RIBBONTAIL CATSHARK
Genus Proscyllium
Proscyllium habereri GRACEFUL CATSHARK
Family Pseudotriakidae - False Catsharks
Genus Gollum
Gollum attenuatus SLENDER SMOOTHHOUND
Genus Pseudotriakis
Pseudotriakis microdon FALSE CATSHARK
Family Leptochariidae - Barbeled Houndshark
Genus Leptocharias
Leptocharias smithii BARBELED HOUNDSHARK
Family Triakidae - Smoothhound Sharks
Genus Scylliogaleus
Scylliogaleus quecketti FLAPNOSE HOUNDSHARK
Genus Mustelus
Mustelus antarcticus GUMMY SHARK
Mustelus asterias STARRY SMOOTHHOUND
Mustelus californicus GREY SMOOTHHOUND
Mustelus canis DUSKY SMOOTHHOUND
Mustelus dorsalis SHARPTOOTH SMOOTHHOUND
Mustelus fasciatus STRIPED SMOOTHHOUND
Mustelus griseus SPOTLESS SMOOTHHOUND
Mustelus henlei BROWN SMOOTHHOUND
Mustelus higmani SMALLEYE SMOOTHHOUND
Mustelus lenticulatus SPOTTED ESTUARY SMOOTHHOUND
Mustelus lunulatus SICKLEFIN SMOOTHHOUND
Mustelus manazo STARSPOTTED SMOOTHHOUND
Mustelus mento SPECKLED SMOOTHHOUND
Mustelus minicanis VENEZUELAN DWARF SMOOTHHOUND
Mustelus mosis ARABIAN SMOOTHHOUND
Mustelus mustelus SMOOTHHOUND
Mustelus norrisi NARROWFIN SMOOTHHOUND
Mustelus palumbes WHITESPOTTED SMOOTHHOUND
Mustelus punctulatus BLACKSPOTTED SMOOTHHOUND
Mustelus schmitti NARROWNOSE SMOOTHHOUND
Mustelus sinusmexicanus GULF OF MEXICO SMOOTHHOUND
Mustelus whitneyi HUMPBACK SMOOTHHOUND
Mustelus sp. A GREY GUMMY SHARK
Mustelus sp. B WHITESPOTTED GUMMY SHARK
Mustelus sp. 1 BROADNOSE SMOOTHHOUND
Mustelus sp. 2 PACIFIC ARROWNOSE SMOOTHHOUND
Mustelus sp. (no common name)
Genus Cazon
Cazon acutipinna SHARPFIN HOUNDSHARK
Cazon maculata SPOTTED HOUNDSHARK
Cazon megalopterus SHARPTOOTH HOUNDSHARK
Genus Triakis
Triakis scyllium BANDED HOUNDSHARK
Triakis semifasciata LEOPARD SHARK
Family Galeorhinidae - Houndsharks
Genus Hypogaleus
Hypogaleus hyugaensis BLACKTIP TOPESHARK
Genus Galeorhinus
Galeorhinus galeus TOPE SHARK
Genus Gogolia
Gogolia filewoodi SAILBACK HOUNDSHARK
Genus Furgaleus
Furgaleus macki WHISKERY SHARK
Genus Hemitriakis
Hemitriakis abdita DARKSNOUT HOUNDSHARK
Hemitriakis falcata SICKLEFIN HOUNDSHARK
Hemitriakis japanica JAPANESE TOPESHARK
Hemitriakis leucoperiptera WHITEFIN TOPESHARK
Hemitriakis sp. OCELLATE TOPESHARK
Hemitriakis sp. (no common name)
Genus Iago
Iago garricki LONGNOSE HOUNDSHARK
Iago omanensis BIGEYE HOUNDSHARK
Iago sp. 1 LOWFIN HOUNDSHARK
Iago sp. 2 SMALLGILL HOUNDSHARK
Iago sp. (no common name)
Iago sp. (no common name)
Family Hemigaleidae - Weasel Sharks
Genus Hemigaleus
Hemigaleus microstoma SICKLEFIN WEASEL SHARK
Hemigaleus sp. AUSTRALIAN WEASEL SHARK
Genus Paragaleus
Paragaleus leucoleumatus WHITETIPPED WEASEL SHARK
Paragaleus pectoralis ATLANTIC WEASEL SHARK
Paragaleus randalli SLENDER WEASEL SHARK
Paragaleus tengi STRAIGHT-TOOTH WEASEL SHARK
Paragaleus sp. (no common name)
Genus Chaenogaleus
Chaenogaleus macrostoma HOOKTOOTH SHARK
Genus Hemipristis
Hemipristis elongatus SNAGGLETOOTH SHARK
Family Galeocerdidae - Tiger Sharks
Genus Galeocerdo
Galeocerdo cuvier TIGER SHARK
Family Scoliodontidae - Spadenose Shark
Genus Scoliodon
Scoliodon laticaudus SPADENOSE SHARK
Family Sphyrnidae - Hammerhead Sharks
Genus Eusphyra
Eusphyra blochii WINGHEAD SHARK
Genus Sphyrna
Sphyrna corona SCALLOPED BONNETHEAD
Sphyrna lewini SCALLOPED HAMMERHEAD
Sphyrna media SCOOPHEAD SHARK
Sphyrna mokarran GREAT HAMMERHEAD
Sphyrna tiburo BONNETHEAD SHARK
Sphyrna tudes GOLDEN HAMMERHEAD
Sphyrna zygaena SMOOTH HAMMERHEAD
Sphyrna sp. SQUAREHEAD SHARK
Family Rhizoprionodontidae - Sharpnose Sharks
Genus Rhizoprionodon
Rhizoprionodon acutus MILK SHARK
Rhizoprionodon lalandei BRAZILIAN SHARPNOSE SHARK
Rhizoprionodon longurio PACIFIC SHARPNOSE SHARK
Rhizoprionodon oligolinx GREY SHARPNOSE SHARK
Rhizoprionodon porosus CARIBBEAN SHARPNOSE SHARK
Rhizoprionodon taylori AUSTRALIAN SHARPNOSE SHARK
Rhizoprionodon terraenovae ATLANTIC SHARPNOSE SHARK
Genus Loxodon
Loxodon macrorhinus SLITEYE SHARK
Family Isogomphodontidae - Daggernose Shark
Genus Isogomphodon
Isogomphodon oxyrhynchus DAGGERNOSE SHARK
Family Triaenodontidae - Whitetip Reef Shark
Genus Triaenodon
Triaenodon obesus WHITETIP REEF SHARK
Family Carcharhinidae - Whaler Sharks
Genus Hypoprion
Hypoprion borneensis BORNEO SHARK
Hypoprion dussumieri WHITECHEEK SHARK
Hypoprion fitzroyensis CREEK WHALER
Hypoprion hemiodon PONDICHERRY SHARK
Hypoprion macloti HARDNOSE SHARK
Hypoprion porosus SMALLTAIL SHARK
Hypoprion sealei BLACKSPOT SHARK
Hypoprion sorrah SPOT-TAIL SHARK
Hypoprion sp. FALSE SMALLTAIL SHARK
Genus Carcharhinus
Carcharhinus acronotus BLACKNOSE SHARK
Carcharhinus brachyurus BRONZE WHALER
Carcharhinus cautus NERVOUS SHARK
Carcharhinus falciformis SILKY SHARK
Carcharhinus melanopterus BLACKFIN REEF SHARK
Carcharhinus perezi CARIBBEAN REEF SHARK
Carcharhinus signatus NIGHT SHARK
Genus Nasolamia
Nasolamia velox WHITENOSE SHARK
Genus Aprionodon
Aprionodon amblyrhynchoides GRACEFUL SHARK
Aprionodon amblyrhynchos GREY REEF SHARK
Aprionodon brevipinna SPINNER SHARK
Aprionodon isodon FINETOOTH SHARK
Aprionodon leiodon SMALLTOOTH SHARK
Aprionodon limbatus BLACKTIP SHARK
Aprionodon tilstoni AUSTRALIAN BLACKTIP SHARK
Genus Prionace
Prionace glauca BLUE SHARK
Genus Galeolamna
Galeolamna albimarginatus SILVERTIP SHARK
Galeolamna altimus BIGNOSE SHARK
Galeolamna galapagensis GALAPAGOS SHARK
Galeolamna longimanus OCEANIC WHITETIP SHARK
Galeolamna obscurus DUSKY SHARK
Galeolamna plumbeus SANDBAR SHARK
Genus Lamnarius
Lamnarius amboinensis JAVA SHARK
Lamnarius leucas BULL SHARK
Genus Glyphis
Glyphis gangeticus GANGES SHARK
Glyphis glyphis SPEARTOOTH SHARK
Glyphis siamensis IRRAWADDY RIVER SHARK
Glyphis sp. A AUSTRALIAN RIVER SHARK
Glyphis sp. B BORNEO RIVER SHARK
Glyphis sp. C NEW GUINEA RIVER SHARK
Genus Lamiopsis
Lamiopsis temmincki BROADFIN SHARK
Genus Negaprion
Negaprion acutidens SICKLEFIN LEMON SHARK
Negaprion brevirostris LEMON SHARK
Superorder Squalea
Order Chlamydoselachiformes - Frilled Shark
Family Chlamydoselachidae - Frilled Shark
Genus Chlamydoselachus
Chlamydoselachus anguineus FRILLED SHARK
Chlamydoselachus sp. SOUTH AFRICAN FRILLED SHARK
Order Hexanchiformes - Cow Sharks
Family Notorynchidae - Broadnose Sevengill Shark
Genus Notorynchus
Notorynchus cepedianus BROADHEAD SEVENGILL SHARK
Family Heptranchiidae - Sharpnose Sevengill Shark
Genus Heptranchias
Heptranchias perlo SHARPNOSE SEVENGILL SHARK
Family Hexanchidae - Cow Sharks
Genus Hexanchus
Hexanchus griseus BLUNTNOSE SIXGILL SHARK
Hexanchus nakamurai BIGEYE SIXGILL SHARK
Order Echinorhiniformes: Bramble Sharks
Family Echinorhinidae - Bramble Sharks
Genus Echinorhinus
Echinorhinus brucus BRAMBLE SHARK
Echinorhinus cookei PRICKLY SHARK
Order Squaliformes - Dogfish Sharks
Family Squalidae - Dogfish Sharks
Genus Cirrhigaleus
Cirrhigaleus asper ROUGHSKIN SPURDOG
Cirrhigaleus barbifer MANDARIN DOGFISH
Genus Squalus
Squalus acanthias SPINY DOGFISH
Squalus acutirostris SHARPNOSE SPURDOG
Squalus blainville LONGNOSE SPURDOG
Squalus brevirostris JAPANESE SHORTNOSE DOGFISH
Squalus cubensis CUBAN SPURDOG
Squalus japonicus JAPANESE SPURDOG
Squalus megalops SHORTNOSE SPURDOG
Squalus melanurus BLACKTAILED SPURDOG
Squalus mitsukurii SHORTSPINE SPURDOG
Squalus probatovi CUYENE SPURDOG
Squalus rancureli CYRANO SPURDOG
Squalus sp. A BARTAIL SPURDOG
Squalus sp. B EASTERN HIGHFIN SPURDOG
Squalus sp. C WESTERN HIGHFIN SPURDOG
Squalus sp. D FATSPINE SPURDOG
Squalus sp. E WESTERN LONGNOSE SPURDOG
Squalus sp. F EASTERN LONGNOSE SPURDOG
Family Centrophoridae - Gulper Sharks
Genus Centrophorus
Centrophorus acus NEEDLE DOGFISH
Centrophorus atromarginatus DWARF GULPER SHARK
Centrophorus granulosus GULPER SHARK
Centrophorus harrisoni DUMB GULPER SHARK
Centrophorus lusitanicus LOWFIN GULPER SHARK
Centrophorus moluccensis SMALLFIN GULPER SHARK
Centrophorus niaukang TAIWAN GULPER SHARK
Centrophorus robustus (no common name)
Centrophorus squamosus LEAFSCALE GULPER SHARK
Centrophorus tessellatus MOSAIC GULPER SHARK
Centrophorus sp. (no common name)
Genus Pseudocentrophorus
Pseudocentrophorus isodon BLACKFIN GULPER SHARK
Genus Deania
Deania calcea BIRDBEAK DOGFISH
Deania hystricosa ROUGH LONGNOSE DOGFISH
Deania profundorum ARROWHEAD DOGFISH
Deania quadrispinosum LONGSNOUT DOGFISH
Family Etmopteridae - Lantern Sharks
Genus Aculeola
Aculeola nigra HOOKTOOTH DOGFISH
Genus Centroscyllium
Centroscyllium excelsum HIGHFIN DOGFISH
Centroscyllium fabricii BLACK DOGFISH
Centroscyllium granulatum GRANULAR DOGFISH
Centroscyllium kamoharai BARESKIN DOGFISH
Centroscyllium nigrum COMBTOOTH DOGFISH
Centroscyllium ornatum ORNATE DOGFISH
Centroscyllium ritteri WHITEFIN DOGFISH
Genus Etmopterus
Etmopterus baxteri NEW ZEALAND LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus bigelowi BLURRED SMOOTH LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus brachyurus SHORT-TAIL LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus bullisi LINED LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus carteri CYLINDRICAL LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus caudistigmus SPOT-TAIL LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus compagnoi BROWN LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus decacuspidatus COMBTOOTHED LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus dianthus PINK LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus dislineatus DASHED LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus evansi UN-LINED LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus fusus FUSIFORM LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus gracilispinis BROADBAND LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus granulosus SOUTHERN LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus hillianus BROADBAND LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus litvinovi SMALLEYE LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus lucifer BLACKBELLY LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus molleri SLENDERTAIL LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus perryi DWARF LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus polli AFRICAN LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus princeps GREAT LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus pseudosqualiolus FALSE PYGMY LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus pusillus SMOOTH LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus pycnolepis DENSE-SCALE LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus robinsi (no common name)
Etmopterus schmidti DARKBELLY LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus schultzi FRINGEFIN LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus sentosus THORNY LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus spinax VELVETBELLY LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus splendidus SPLENDID LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus tasmaniensis TASMANIAN LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus unicolor BROWN LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus villosus HAWAIIAN LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus virens GREEN LANTERNSHARK
Etmopterus sp. A (no common name)
Etmopterus sp. B (no common name)
Etmopterus sp. SCULPTED LANTERN SHARK
Etmopterus sp. (no common name)
Etmopterus sp. (no common name)
Etmopterus sp. (no common name)
Etmopterus sp. (no common name)
Genus Miroscyllium
Miroscyllium sheikoi RASPTOOTH DOGFISH
Genus Trigonognathus
Trigonognathus kabeyai VIPER DOGFISH
Family Oxynotidae - Rough Sharks
Genus Oxynotus
Oxynotus bruniensis PRICKLY DOGFISH
Oxynotus caribbaeus CARIBBEAN ROUGHSHARK
Oxynotus centrina ANGULAR ROUGHSHARK
Oxynotus japonicus JAPANESE ROUGHSHARK
Oxynotus paradoxus SAILFIN ROUGHSHARK
Family Somniosidae - Sleeper Sharks
Genus Centroscymnus
Centroscymnus coelolepis PORTUGUESE DOGFISH
Centroscymnus crepidator LONGNOSE VELVET DOGFISH
Centroscymnus cryptacanthus SHORTNOSE VELVET DOGFISH
Centroscymnus macracanthus LARGESPINE VELVET DOGFISH
Centroscymnus owstoni ROUGHSKIN DOGFISH
Centroscymnus plunketi PLUNKET SHARK
Genus Scymnodalatias
Scymnodalatias albicauda WHITETAIL DOGFISH
Scymnodalatias garricki AZORES DOGFISH
Scymnodalatias oligodon SPARSETOOTH DOGFISH
Scymnodalatias sherwoodi SHERWOOD DOGFISH
Genus Scymnodon
Scymnodon ishiharai JAPANESE VELVET DOGFISH
Scymnodon ringens KNIFETOOTH DOGFISH
Genus Somniosus
Somniosus microcephalus GREENLAND SHARK
Somniosus pacificus PACIFIC SLEEPER SHARK
Somniosus rostratus LITTLE SLEEPER SHARK
Somniosus sp. LONGNOSE SLEEPER SHARK
Genus Zameus
Zameus squamulosus VELVET DOGFISH
Family Dalatiidae - Kitefin Sharks
Genus Dalatias
Dalatias licha KITEFIN SHARK
Genus Euprotomicroides
Euprotomicroides zantedeschia TAILLIGHT SHARK
Genus Euprotomicrus
Euprotomicrus bispinatus PYGMY SHARK
Genus Heteroscymnoides
Heteroscymnoides marleyi LONGNOSE PYGMY SHARK
Genus Isistius
Isistius brasiliensis COOKIECUTTER SHARK
Isistius labialis SOUTH CHINA COOKIECUTTER SHARK
Isistius plutodus LARGETOOTH COOKIECUTTER SHARK
Genus Mollisquama
Mollisquama parini POCKET SHARK
Genus Squaliolus
Squaliolus aliae SMALLEYE PYGMY SHARK
Squaliolus laticaudus SPINED PYGMY SHARK
Order Squatiniformes - Angel Sharks
Family Squatinidae - Angel Sharks
Genus Squatina
Squatina aculeata SAWBACK ANGELSHARK
Squatina africana AFRICAN ANGELSHARK
Squatina argentina ARGENTINE ANGELSHARK
Squatina australis SOUTHERN AUSTRALIAN ANGELSHARK
Squatina californica PACIFIC ANGELSHARK
Squatina dumeril ATLANTIC ANGELSHARK
Squatina formosa TAIWAN ANGELSHARK
Squatina guggenheim ANGULAR ANGELSHARK
Squatina japonica JAPANESE ANGELSHARK
Squatina nebulosa CLOUDED ANGELSHARK
Squatina occulta HIDDEN ANGELSHARK
Squatina oculata SMOOTHBACK ANGELSHARK
Squatina squatina EUROPEAN ANGELSHARK
Squatina tergocellata ORNATE ANGELSHARK
Squatina tergocellatoides OCELLATED ANGELSHARK
Squatina sp. A EASTERN AUSTRALIAN ANGELSHARK
Squatina sp. B WESTERN AUSTRALIAN ANGELSHARK
Squatina sp. CORTEZ ANGELSHARK
Order Pristiophoriformes - Saw Sharks
Family Pristiophoridae - Saw Sharks
Genus Pliotrema
Pliotrema warreni SIXGILL SAWSHARK
Genus Pristiophorus
Pristiophorus cirratus LONGNOSE SAWSHARK
Pristiophorus japonicus JAPANESE SAWSHARK
Pristiophorus piiieps SHORTNOSE SAWSHARK
Pristiophorus schroederi BAHAMIAN SAWSHARK
Pristiophorus sp. A EASTERN AUSTRALIAN SAWSHARK
Pristiophorus sp. B TROPICAL AUSTRALIAN SAWSHARK
Pristiophorus sp. DWARF SAWSHARK


General Biology 107 - San Diego City College (Spring 1999)
Shark Taxonomy
Order HEXANCHIFORMES - Sixgill, Sevengill and Frilled Sharks
------------------------------------------------------------------------
•Family CHLAMYDOSELA - Frilled Sharks
One Species
•Chlamydoselachus anguineus -- Frilled shark
•Family HEXANCHIDAE - Sixgill and Sevengill Sharks
Four Species
•Heptranchias perlo -- Sharpnose sevengill shark
•Hexanchus griseus -- Bluntnose sixgill shark
•Hexanchus vitulus -- Bigeye sixgill shark
•Notorynchus cepedianus -- Broadnose or spotted sevengill shark
Order SQUALIFORMES - Dogfish Sharks
------------------------------------------------------------------------
•Family ECHINORHINIDAE - Bramble Sharks
Two Species
•Echinorhinus brucus -- Bramble shark
•Echinorhinus cookei -- Prickly shark
•Family SQUALIDAE - Dogfish sharks
70 Species
•Aculeola nigra -- Hooktooth dogfish
•Centrophorus acus -- Needle dogfish
•Centrophorus granulosus -- Gulper shark
•Centrophorus harrissoni -- Dumb gulper shark
•Centrophorus lusitanicus -- Lowfin gulper shark
•Centrophorus moluccensis -- Smallfin gulper shark
•Centrophorus niaukang -- Taiwan gulper shark
•Centrophorus squamosus -- Leafscale gulper shark
•Centrophorus tesselatus -- Mosaic gulper shark
•Centrophorus uyato -- Little gulper shark
•Centroscyllium fabricii -- Black dogfish
•Centroscyllium granulatum -- Granular dogfish
•Centroscyllium kamoharai -- Bareskin dogfish
•Centroscyllium nigrum -- Combtooth dogfish
•Centroscyllium ornatum -- Ornate dogfish
•Centroscyllium ritteri -- Whitefin dogfish
•Centroscymnus coelolepis -- Portuguese dogfish
•Centroscymnus crepidater -- Longnose velvet dogfish
•Centroscymnus cryptacanthus -- Shortnose velvet dogfish
•Centroscymnus macracanthus -- Largespine velvet dogfish
•Centroscymnus owstoni -- Roughskin dogfish
•Centroscymnus plunketi -- Plunket shark
•Cirrhigaleus barbifer -- Mandarin dogfish
•Dalatias licha -- Kitefin shark
•Deania calcea -- Birdbeak dogfish
•Deania hystricosum -- Rough longnose dogfish
•Deania profundorum -- Arrowhead dogfish
•Deania quadrispinosum -- Longsnout dogfish
•Etmopterus baxteri -- New Zealand lanternshark
•Etmopterus brachyurus -- Shorttail lanternshark
•Etmopterus bullisi -- Lined lanternshark
•Etmopterus carteri -- Cylindrical lanternshark
•Etmopterus decacuspidatus -- Combtooth lanternshark
•Etmopterus gracilispinis -- Broadband lanternshark
•Etmopterus granulosus -- Southern lanternshark
•Etmopterus hillianus -- Carribean lanternshark
•Etmopterus lucifer -- Blackbelly lanternshark
•Etmopterus perryi -- Dwarf lanternshark
•Etmopterus polli -- African lanternshark
•Etmopterus princeps -- Great lanternshark
•Etmopterus pusillus -- Smooth lanternshark
•Etmopterus schultzi -- Fringefin lanternshark
•Etmopterus sentosus -- Thorny lanternshark
•Etmopterus spinax -- Velvet belly
•Etmopterus unicolor -- Brown lanternshark
•Etmopterus villosus -- Hawaiian lanternshark
•Etmopterus virens -- Green lanternshark
•Euprotomicroides zantedeschia -- Taillight shark
•Europtomicrus bispinatus -- Pygmy shark
•Heteroscymnoides marleyi -- Longnose pygmy shark
•Isistius brasiliensis -- Cookiecutter or cigar shark
•Isistius plutodus -- Largetooth cookiecutter shark
•Mollisquama parini -- Softskin dogfish
•Scymnodalatias sherwoodi -- Sherwood dogfish
•Scymnodon ichiharai -- Japanese velvet dogfish
•Scymnodon ringens -- Knifetooth dogfish
•Scymnodon squamulosus -- Greenland sleeper shark
•Somniosus pacificus -- Pacific sleeper shark
•Somniosus rostratus -- Little sleeper shark
•Squaliolus laticaudus -- Spined pygmy shark
•Squalus acanthias -- Piked dogfish
•Squalus asper -- Roughskin spurdog
•Squalus blainvillei -- Longnose spurdog
•Squalus cubensis -- Cuban dogfish
•Squalus japonicus -- Japanese spurdog
•Squalus magalops -- Shortnose spurdog
•Squalus melanurus -- Blacktail spurdog
•Squalus mitsukurii -- Shortspine spurdog
•Squalus rancureli -- Cyrano spurdog
•Family OXYNOTIDAE - Roughsharks
Five Species
•Oxynotus bruniensis -- Prickly dogfish
•Oxynotus carribaeus -- Carribean roughshark
•Oxynotus centrina -- Angular roughshark
•Oxynotus japonicus -- Japanese roughshark
•Oxynotus paradoxus -- Sailfin roughshark
Order PRISTIOPHORIFORMES - Sawsharks
------------------------------------------------------------------------
•Family PRISTIOPHORIDAE - Sawsharks
Five Species
•Pliotrema warreni -- Sixgill sawshark
•Pristiophorus cirratus -- Longnose sawshark
•Pristiophorus japonicus -- Japanese sawshark
•Pristiophorus piiieps -- Shortnose sawshark
•Pristiophorus schroederi -- Bahamas sawshark
Order SQUATINIFORMES - Angelsharks
------------------------------------------------------------------------
•Family SQUATINIDAE - Angelsharks
13 Species
•Squatina aculeata -- Sawback angelshark
•Squatina africana -- African angelshark
•Squatina argentina -- Argentine angelshark
•Squatina australis -- Australian angelshark
•Squatina californica -- Pacific angelshark
•Squatina dumeril -- Sand devil
•Squatina formosa -- Taiwan angelshark
•Squatina japonica -- Japanese angelshark
•Squatina nebulosa -- Clouded angelshark
•Squatina oculata -- Smoothback angelshark
•Squatina squatina -- Angelshark
•Squatina tergocellata -- Ornate angelshark
•Squatina tergocellatoides -- Ocellated angelshark
Order HETERODONTIFORMES - Bullhead Sharks
------------------------------------------------------------------------
•Family HETERODONTIDAE - Bullhead sharks
Eight Species
•Heterodontus francisci -- Horn shark
•Heterodontus galeatus -- Crested bullhead shark
•Heterodontus japonicus -- Japanese bullhead shark
•Heterodontus mexicanus -- Mexican hornshark
•Heterodontus portusjacksonj -- Port Jackson shark
•Heterodontus quoyi -- Galapagos bullhead shark
•Heterodontus ramalheira -- Whitespotted bullhead shark
•Heterodontus zebra -- Zebra bullhead shark
Order ORECTOLOBIFORMES - Carpetsharks
------------------------------------------------------------------------
•Family PARASCYLLIIDAE - Collared Carpetsharks
Six Species
•Cirrhoscyllium expolitum -- Barbelthroat carpetshark
•Cirrhoscyllium formosanum -- Taiwan saddled carpetshark
•Cirrhoscyllium japonicum -- Saddled carpetshark
•Parascyllium ferrugineum -- Rusty carpetshark
•Parascyllium multimaculatum -- Tasmanian carpetshark
•Parascyllium variolatum -- Necklace carpetshark or Varied carpetshark
•Family BRACHAELURIDAE - Blind sharks
Two Species
•Brachaelurus waddi -- Blind shark
•Heteroscyllium colcloughi -- Bluegrey carpetshark
•Family ORECTOLOBIDAE - Wobbegongs
Six species
•Eucrossorhinus dasypogon -- Tasselled wobbegong
•Orectolobus japonicus -- Japanese wobbegong
•Orectolobus maculatus -- Spotted wobbegong
•Orectolobus ornatus -- Ornate wobbegong
•Orectolobus wardi -- Northern wobbegong
•Sutorectus tentaculatus -- Cobbler wobbegong
•Family HEMISCYLLIIDAE - Longtailed Carpetshark
12 species
•Chiloscyllium arabicum -- Arabian carpetshark
•Chiloscyllium burmensis -- Burmese bambooshark
•Chiloscyllium caerulopunctatum -- Bluespotted bambooshark
•Chiloscyllium griseum -- Grey bambooshark
•Chiloscyllium hasselti -- Indonesian bambooshark
•Chiloscyllium indicum -- Slender bambooshark
•Chiloscyllium plagiosum -- Whitespotted bambooshark
•Chiloscyllium punctatum -- Brownbanded bambooshark
•Hemiscyllium freycineti -- Indonesian speckled carpetshark
•Hemiscyllium hallstromi -- Papuan epaulette shark
•Hemiscyllium ocellatum -- Epaulette shark
•Hemiscyllium strahani -- Hooded carpetshark
•Hemiscyllium trispeculare -- Speckled carpetshark
•Family GINGLYMOSTOMATIDAE - Nurse Sharks
Three species
•Ginglymostoma brevicaudatum -- Shorttail nurse shark
•Ginglymostoma cirratum -- Nurse shark
•Nebrius ferrugineus -- Tawny nurse shark or giant sleepy shark
•Family STEGOSTOMATIDAE - Zebra Sharks
One species
•Stegostoma fasciatum -- Zebra shark
•Family RHINCODONTIDAE - Whale Sharks
One Species
•Rhincodon typus -- Whale shark
Order LAMNIFORMES - Mackerel Sharks
------------------------------------------------------------------------
•Family ODONTASPIDIDAE - Sand Tiger Sharks
Four Species
•Carcharias taurus -- Sand tiger, spotted raggedtooth, or grey nurse shark
•Eugomphodus tricuspidatus -- Indian sand tiger
•Odontaspis ferox -- Smalltooth sand tiger or bumpytail raggedtooth
•Odontaspis noronhai -- Bigeye sand tiger
•Family PSEUDOCARCHARIIDAE - Crocodile Sharks
One Species
•Pseudocarcharias kamoharai -- Crocodile shark
•Family MITSUKURINIDAE - Goblin Sharks
One Species
•Mitsukurina owstoni -- Goblin shark
•Family MEGACHASMIDAE - Megamouth Sharks
One Species
•Megachasma pelagios -- Megamouth Shark
Family ALOPIIDAE - Thresher Sharks
Three Species
•Alopias pelagicus -- Pelagic thresher
•Alopias superciliosus -- Bigeye thresher
•Alopias vulpinus -- Thresher shark
•Family CETORHINIDAE - Basking Sharks
One Species
•Cetorhinus maximus -- Basking shark
•Family LAMNIDAE - Mackerel Sharks
Five Species
•Carcharodon carcharias -- Great white shark
•Isurus oxyrinchus -- Shortfin mako
•Isurus paucus -- Longfin mako
•Lamna ditropis -- Salmon shark
•Lamna nasus -- Probeagle shark
Order CARCHARHINIFORMES - Ground Sharks
------------------------------------------------------------------------
•Family SCYLIORHINIDAE - Catsharks
92 Species
•Apristurus atlanticus -- Atlantic ghost catshark
•Apristurus brunneus -- Brown catshark
•Apristurus canutus -- Hoary catshark
•Apristurus federovi -- Federov's catshark
•Apristurus herklotsi -- Longfin catshark
•Apristurus indicus -- Smallbelly catshark
•Apristurus investigatoris -- Broadnose catshark
•Apristurus japonicus -- Japanese catshark
•Apristurus kampae -- Longnose catshark
•Apristurus laurussoni -- Iceland catshark
•Apristurus longicephalus -- Longhead catshark
•Apristurus macrorhynchus -- Flathead catshark
•Apristurus maderensis -- Madeira catshark
•Apristurus manis -- Ghost catshark
•Apristurus microps -- Smalleye catshark
•Apristurus nasutus -- Largenose catshark
•Apristurus parvipinnis -- Smallfin catshark
•Apristurus pinguis -- Fat catshark
•Apristurus platyrhynchus -- Spatulasnout catshark
•Apristurus profundorum -- Deepwater catshark
•Apristurus riveri -- Broadgill catshark
•Apristurus saldanha -- Saldanha catshark
•Apristurus sibogae -- Pale catshark
•Apristurus sinensis -- South China catshark
•Apristurus spongiceps -- Spongehead catshark
•Apristurus stenseni -- Panama ghost catshark
•Apristurus verweyi -- Borneo catshark
•Asymbolus analis -- Australian spotted catshark
•Asymbolus vincenti -- Gulf catshark
•Atelomycterus macleayi -- Australian marbled catshark
•Atelomycterus marmoratus -- Coral catshark
•Aulohalaelurus labiosus -- Blackspotted catshark
•Cephaloscyllium fasciatum -- Reticulated swellshark
•Cephaloscyllium isabellum -- Draughtsboard shark
•Cephaloscyllium laticeps -- Australian swellshark
•Cephaloscyllium nascione -- Whitefinned swellshark
•Cephaloscyllium silasi -- Indian swellshark
•Cephaloscyllium sufflans -- Balloon shark
•Cephaloscyllium ventriosum -- Swellshark
•Cephalurus cephalus -- Lollipop catshark
•Galeus arae -- Roughtail catshark
•Galeus boardmani -- Australian sawtail catshark
•Galeus eastmani -- Gecko catshark
•Galeus melastomus -- Blackmouth catshark
•Galeus murinus -- Mouse catshark
•Galeus nipponensis -- Broadfin sawtail catshark
•Galeus piperatus -- Peppered catshark
•Galeus polli -- African sawtail catshark
•Galeus sauteri -- Blacktip sawtail catshark
•Galeus schultzi -- Dwarf sawtail catshark
•Halaelurus alcocki -- Arabian catshark
•Halaelurus boesemani -- Speckled catshark
•Halaelurus buergeri -- Blackspotted catshark
•Halaelurus canescens -- Dusky catshark
•Halaelurus dawsoni -- New Zealand catshark
•Halaelurus hispidus -- Bristly catshark
•Halaelurus immaculatus -- Spotless catshark
•Halaelurus lineatus -- Lined catshark
•Halaelurus lutarius -- Mud catshark
•Halaelurus natalensis -- Tiger catshark
•Halaelurus quagga -- Quagga catshark
•Haploblepharus edwardsii -- Puffadder shyshark
•Haploblepharus fuscus -- Brown shyshark
•Haploblepharus pictus -- Dark shyshark
•Holohalaelurus punctatus -- African spotted catshark
•Holohalaelurus regani -- Izak catshark
•Parmaturus campechiensis -- Campeche catshark
•Parmaturus macmillani -- New Zealand filetail
•Parmaturus melanobranchius -- Blackgill catshark
•Parmaturus pilosus -- Salamander shark
•Parmaturus xaniurus -- Filetail catshark
•Pentanchus profundicolus -- Onefin catshark
•Poroderma africanum -- Striped catshark or pyjama shark
•Poroderma marleyi -- Barbeled catshark
•Poroderma patherinum -- Leopard catshark
•Schroederichthys bivius -- Narrowmouth catshark
•Schroederichthys chilensis -- Redspotted catshark
•Schroederichthys maculatus -- Narrowtail catshark
•Schroederichthys tenuis -- Slender catshark
•Scyliorhinus besnardi -- Polkadot catshark
•Scyliorhinus boa -- Boa catshark
•Scyliorhinus canicula -- Smallspotted catshark
•Scyliorhinus capensis -- Yellowspotted catshark
•Scyliorhinus cervigoni -- West African catshark
•Scyliorhinus garmani -- Brownspotted catshark
•Scyliorhinus haeckelii -- Freckled catshark
•Scyliorhinus hesperius -- Whitesaddled catshark
•Scyliorhinus meadi -- Blotched catshark
•Scyliorhinus retifer -- Chain catshark
•Scyliorhinus stellaris -- Nursehound
•Scyliorhinus torazame -- Cloudy catshark
•Scyliorhinus torrei -- Dwarf catshark
•Family PROSCYLLIIDAE - Finback Catsharks
Six Species
•Ctenacis fehlmanni -- Harlequin catshark
•Eridacnis barbouri -- Cuban ribbontail catshark
•Eridacnis radcliffei -- Pygmy ribbontail catshark
•Eridacnis sinuans -- African ribbontail catshark
•Gollum attentuatus -- Slender smoothhound
•Proscyllium habereri -- Graceful catshark
•Family PSEUDOTRIAKIDAE - False Catsharks
One Species
•Pseudotriakis microdon -- False catshark
•Family LEPTOCHARIIDAE - Barbeled Houndshark
One species
•Leptocharias smithii -- Barbeled houndshark
•Family TRIAKIDAE - Houndsharks
34 species
•Furgaleus macki -- Whiskery shark
•Galeorhinus galeus -- Tope shark
•Gogolia filewoodi -- Sailback houndshark
•Hemitriakis japanica -- Japanese topeshark
•Hemitriakis leucoperiptera -- Whitefin topeshark
•Hypogaleus hyugaensis -- Blacktip topeshark
•Iago garricki -- Longnose houndshark
•Iago omanensis -- Bigeye houndshark
•Mustelus antarcticus -- Gummy shark
•Mustelus asterias -- Starry smoothhound
•Mustelus californicus -- Grey smoothhound
•Mustelus canis -- Dusky smoothhound
•Mustelus dorsalis -- Sharpnose smoothhound
•Mustelus fasciatus -- Striped smoothhound
•Mustelus griseus -- Spotless smoothhound
•Mustelus henlei -- Brown smoothhound
•Mustelus higmani -- Smalleye smoothhound
•Mustelus lenticulatus -- Spotted estuary smoothhound or rig
•Mustelus lunulatus -- Sicklefin smoothhound
•Mustelus manazo -- Starspotted smoothhound
•Mustelus mento -- Speckled smoothhound
•Mustelus mosis -- Arabian, hardnose, or Moses smoothhound
•Mustelus mustelus -- Smoothhound
•Mustelus norrisi -- Narrowfin or Florida smoothhound
•Mustelus palumbes -- Whitespot smoothhound
•Mustelus punctulatus -- Blackspot smoothhound
•Mustelus schmitti -- Narrownose smoothhound
•Mustelus whitneyi -- Humpback smoothhound
•Scylliogaleus quecketti -- Flapnose houndshark
•Triakis acutipinna -- Sharpfin houndshark
•Triakis maculata -- Spotted houndshark
•Triakis megalopterus -- Sharptooth houndshark or spotted gully shark
•Triakis scyllium -- Banded houndshark
•Triakis semifasciata -- Leopard shark
•Family HEMIGALEIDAE - Weasel sharks
Six Species
•Chaenogaleus macrostoma -- Hooktooth shark
•Hemigaleus microstoma -- Sicklefin weasel shark
•Hemipristis elongatus -- Snaggletooth shark
•Paragaleus leucolomatus -- Whitetip weasel shark
•Paragaleus pectoralis -- Atlantic weasel shark
•Paragaleus tengi -- Straighttooth weasel shark
•Family CARCHARHINIDAE - Requiem sharks
48 Species
•Carcharhinus acronotus -- Blacknose shark
•Carcharhinus albimarginatus -- Silvertip shark
•Carcharhinus altimus -- Bignose shark
•Carcharhinus amblyrhynchoides -- Graceful shark
•Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos -- Grey reef shark
•Carcharhinus amboinensis -- Pigeye or Java shark
•Carcharhinus borneensis -- Borneo shark
•Carcharhinus brachyurus -- Copper shark or bronze whaler
•Carcharhinus brevipinna -- Spinner shark
•Carcharhinus cautus -- Nervous shark
•Carcharhinus dussumieri -- Whitecheek shark
•Carcharhinus falciformis -- Silky shark
•Carcharhinus fitzroyensis -- Creek whaler
•Carcharhinus galapagenisis -- Galapagos shark
•Carcharhinus hemiodon -- Pondicherry shark
•Carcharhinus isodon -- Finetooth shark
•Carcharhinus leucas -- Bull or Zambezi shark
•Carcharhinus limbatus -- Blacktip shark
•Carcharhinus longimanus -- Oceanic whitetip shark
•Carcharhinus macloti -- Hardnose shark
•Carcharhinus melanopterus -- Blacktip reef shark
•Carcharhinus obscurus -- Dusky shark
•Carcharhinus perezi -- Caribbean reef shark
•Carcharhinus plumbeus -- Sandbar shark
•Carcharhinus porosus -- Smalltail shark
•Carcharhinus sealei -- Blackspot shark
•Carcharhinus signatus -- Night shark
•Carcharhinus sorrah -- Spottail shark
•Carcharhinus wheeleri -- Blacktail reef shark
•Galeocerdo cuvier -- Tiger shark
•Glyphis gangeticus -- Ganges shark
•Glyphis glyphis -- Speartooth shark
•Isogomphodon oxyrhynchus -- Daggernose shark
•Lamiopsis temmincki -- Broadfin shark
•Loxodon macrorhinus -- Sliteye shark
•Nasolamia velox -- Whitenose shark
•Negraprion acutidens -- Sharptooth lemon shark
•Negraprion brevirostris -- Lemon shark
•Prionace glauca -- Blue shark
•Rhizoprionodon acutus -- Milk shark
•Rhizoprionodon lalandei -- Brazilian sharpnose shark
•Rhizoprionodon longurio -- Pacific sharpnose shark
•Rhizoprionodon oligolinx -- Grey sharpnose shark
•Rhizopriondon porosus -- Carribean sharpnose shark
•Rhizopriondon taylori -- Australian sharpnose shark
•Rhizopriondon terraenovae -- Atlantic sharpnose shark
•Scoliodon laticaudus -- Spadenose shark
•Triaenodon obesus -- Whitetip reef shark
•Family SPHYRNIDAE - Hammerhead sharks
Nine Species
•Eusphyra blochii -- Winghead shark
•Sphyrna corona -- Mallethead shark
•Sphyrna couardi -- Whitefin hammerhead
•Sphyrna lewini -- Scalloped hammerhead
•Sphyrna media -- Scoophead shark
•Sphyrna mokarran -- Great hammerhead
•Sphyrna tiburo -- Bonnethead shark
•Sphyrna tudes -- Smalleye hammerhead
•Sphyrna zygaena -- Smooth hammerhead
From:
Sharks of the World
by Leonard J.V. Compagno
FAO Species Catalogue/The United Nations Development Program, 1984
Back to SHARKS * MARINE SCIENCE * CLASS HOME PAGE
Page by Jay Vavra
Die ... Begeisterung, die wir beim Betrachten der Natur empfinden, ist eine Erinnerung an die Zeit, da wir Tiere, Bäume, Blumen und Erde waren ... das Wissen um unser Einssein mit allem, was die Zeit vor uns verborgen hält. Leo N. Tolstoi

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Susanne Scheiblauer
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Beitrag von Susanne Scheiblauer » 01 Mär 2007 11:57

Lieber Robert!

Ich nehme die Herausforderung an!

Systematik hat mich schon immer auch interessiert, wobei ich aber es sehr verwirrend finde, wenn es so viele verschiedene gibt. Aber so ist Wissenschaft eben. Nix ist fix.

Mein Verlobter hat sich auch angetragen, die Software dafür zu schreiben. Hoffe, er findet dafür Zeit. :)

Werde mich einmal einlesen. Konzentriert arbeiten kann ich nur am Abend wenn mein Kleiner schläft.

Wirst du bei dem Vortrag von Sharkprojekt am 3.4. auch anwesend sein? Wir planen nämlich einen kleinen Abstecher nach Salzburg.

lg
Susi

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Dr. Robert Hofrichter
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Beitrag von Dr. Robert Hofrichter » 01 Mär 2007 12:15

...natürlich bin ich da ... ich freue mich auf ein persönliches treffen mit Dir (mit Euch).

Ich danke für die Bereitschaft diesen schwierigen Teil der Arbeit zu verwalten!

Liebe Grüße
Robert
Die ... Begeisterung, die wir beim Betrachten der Natur empfinden, ist eine Erinnerung an die Zeit, da wir Tiere, Bäume, Blumen und Erde waren ... das Wissen um unser Einssein mit allem, was die Zeit vor uns verborgen hält. Leo N. Tolstoi

Pim
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Liste angeschaut

Beitrag von Pim » 02 Mär 2007 11:33

Hai Allerseits,

habe mir mal die Liste da oben "angeschaut".

In eine Datei geschrieben und oberflächlich bereinigt (Leer-, Kommentar-, Trennzeilen [----] und Mengenangaben [xx Species] entfernt):

Zeilen gezählt:
# wc -l sharklist
1039 sharklist

Versucht, etwas zu "normalisieren": auf die ersten beiden Worte beschränkt, die in Kleinbuchstaben konvertiert und davon dann die Duplikate rausgeschmissen:

# awk '{printf"%s %s\n",$1,$2}' sharklist | tr [A-Z] [a-z] | sort -u > sharklist2

Wieder gezählt:
# wc -l sharklist2
669 sharklist

Höhere Taxa herausgefiltert:
# egrep -v "(superorder|order|family|genus)" sharklist2 | wc -l
502

Immer noch 502 Arten???

Beim oberflächlichen Durchsehen keine formalen Fehler gefunden. Kann es sein, daß wir uns bei der Superorder Squalea Rochen mit eingefangen haben?

Viele Grüße,
Pim

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Beitrag von Dr. Robert Hofrichter » 02 Mär 2007 11:42

im superoder squalea sind nach dieser systematik sämtliche rochen drinnen... aber (wohl nicht in dieser Liste, weil dann müssten es noch viel mehr arten sein) ... ich habe die listen noch nicht im detail studiert... alles wächst mir ein wenig über den kopf, und darum bin ich sehr froh, dass die verwaltung der liste die susi übernimmt. ich bin im moment schon mit den einzelnen kapiteln beschäftigt ... :)
Die ... Begeisterung, die wir beim Betrachten der Natur empfinden, ist eine Erinnerung an die Zeit, da wir Tiere, Bäume, Blumen und Erde waren ... das Wissen um unser Einssein mit allem, was die Zeit vor uns verborgen hält. Leo N. Tolstoi

Pim
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Beitrag von Pim » 02 Mär 2007 12:39

Gerade zufällig etwas entdeckt:

Wir kreieren neue Haiarten:

Pristiophorus piiieps -- Shortnose sawshark

Ich würde auf Pristiophorus n u d i p i n n i s und einem Zuschlagen der Wortzensur tippen. Brauchen wir die Wortzensur-Funktion von PHPBB2 hier überhaupt?

Best fishes,
Pim

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Beitrag von Dr. Robert Hofrichter » 02 Mär 2007 13:25

Pim hat geschrieben:
Pristiophorus piiieps -- Shortnose sawshark

Pim

Ich gratuliere dem fnz-Haiteam! Wir haben eine neue Haiart beschrieben:

Pristiophorus piiieps Fnz, 2007
(Familie Piiiepsidae)

Bild
Die ... Begeisterung, die wir beim Betrachten der Natur empfinden, ist eine Erinnerung an die Zeit, da wir Tiere, Bäume, Blumen und Erde waren ... das Wissen um unser Einssein mit allem, was die Zeit vor uns verborgen hält. Leo N. Tolstoi

Pim
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Babylonische Sprachverwirrung auf allenen Ebenen

Beitrag von Pim » 02 Mär 2007 15:49

Ein Piiieps-Hai - ist zum Piiiepen :lol:

Habe noch ein bisserl weiter gegraben. Die Liste da oben besteht, wie auch schon der erste Augenschein nahelegt, aus zwei Listen (aus unterschiedlichen Zeiten und unterschiedlichen Quellen).

Die zweite Liste enthält nur 61 Einträge, die in der ersten nicht präsent sind. Das ist teilweise auf Schreibfehler zurückzuführen wie etwa "Rhizopriondon" anstelle von "Rhizoprionodon", zum anderen Teil auf die Verwendung von alten Synonymen wie z.B. "Stegostoma varium" anstelle von "Stegostoma fasciatum".

Die von Robert erwähnte "Umsortierung" des longimanus nach Galeolamna longimanus dürfte kein solcher Fall sein, weil es nicht in den alten Synonymen aufgeführt wird:

Synonymy : Squalus (Carcharias) maou Lesson, 1830; Carcharias (Prionodon) obtusus Garman, 1881 (not
Squalus or Prionodon obtusus Poey, 1861 = Carcharhinus leucas); Carcharias insularum Snyder, 1904;
Pterolamiops magnipinnis Smith, 1958; Pterolamiops budkeri Fourmanoir, 1961).

Other Scientific Names Recently in Use : Carcharhinus maou (Lesson, 1830); Pterolamiops longimanus
(Poey, 1861).


Quelle:

FAO SPECIES CATALOGUE

VOL. 4 SHARKS OF THE WORLD

An Annotated and Illustrated Catalogue
of Shark Species Known to Date

Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes

prepared by

Leonard J.V. Compagno

J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology
Grahamstown, South Africa


Für Galeolamna habe ich noch gar keinen Plan :( , den fand ich bislang nur beim Bullenhai, der ja früher mit Populärnamen Stierhai hieß, und sich mir noch als Carcharhinus leucas vorgestellt hat (während er in der Liste Lamnarius leucas heißt) und beim Schwarzspitzenhai , der in der ersten Liste vom Carcharhinus limbatus zum Aprionodon limbatus wurde.

:( Dabei hatte ich mal als Nicht-Lateiner angefangen, mich mit den binären Artnamen zu befassen, um der babylonischen Sprachverwirrung bei den Populärnamen zu entgehen.... :x :x :x

Das Ganze zeigt, meines Erachtens, das hier keine ganz einfache Aufgabe vorliegt 8) .

Best fishes,
Pim

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